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A new discovery makes researchers rethink how galaxies form

A new discovery makes researchers rethink how galaxies form

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) recently made a discovery that challenges some previous assumptions about how galaxies form. A team of scientists led by the Spanish Astrobiology Center has discovered a barred spiral galaxy called Ceers-2112 that is more than eleven billion years old.

This discovery is considered remarkable because the age of the universe itself is estimated at about 13.8 billion years, which means that the galaxy formed relatively shortly after the formation of the universe. Until now, researchers have assumed that such bar structures, which are often found in spiral galaxies, could only arise later in the universe.

Details of this remarkable discovery were published in Stady Which was published in Nature magazine.

At that time there were already galaxies similar to the Milky Way

The recent discovery of the galaxy sheds new light on understanding the early universe. As Alexander de la Vega, one of the researchers at the University of California, Riverside, said, to explainThe discovery shows that galaxies in the early universe may have been arranged like the Milky Way.

This is a surprising discovery, as it was previously thought that galaxies at this early stage of the universe were more chaotic and rarely contained structures similar to the Milky Way.

De la Vega notes that the discovery of SEARS-2112 suggests that galaxies can mature and organize more quickly than previously thought. This discovery could have far-reaching consequences for understanding the evolution of galaxies.

Discovery can have these consequences

According to the researchers, the discovery of the young galaxy has two important implications for understanding galaxy formation. Alexandre de la Vega emphasizes that theoretical models of galaxy evolution now need to adjust to how stable some galaxies were early enough in the universe’s history to host bar structures.

The second finding concerns the ability of very young galaxies to develop bar structures. This new understanding encourages researchers to look for such bars even in small and distant galaxies.

It opens the possibility of discovering more such structures in young galaxies in the future, which could significantly expand our knowledge of the evolution and growth of galaxies in the early Universe.

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