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Science reaches the limit of knowledge

Science reaches the limit of knowledge

Jhim in the first moment? Or is this world of space, time and matter always present? It is known that philosophy has differed on this matter since Aristotle contradicted his teacher Plato. In his Timaeus he wrote that there was no such thing as a period of time “before the appearance of heaven”, meaning that the world and time “were put into action at the same time.” But Aristotle demanded the immortality of the world. Immanuel Kant I finally declare that the question is unsolvable. In his major epistemological work, he presented it in 1781 as a “contradiction of pure reason”: both the beginning of time and the limits of the universe as well as against all logical proofs can be presented – but neither can be true. Kant wanted to show how easy it is to wreck a ship with pure, i.e., non-empirical thinking.

Ulf von Rauchaupt

Editor in the “Science” section of the Frankfurter Allgemeine Sunday.

The question arises whether this is so, and to what extent empirical science can answer the question. In fact, this person went much further than Kant thought possible. Modern astrophysics can claim, on the best empirical grounds, that the observable universe 13.8 billion years ago was a hot, dense ball—say the size of a grapefruit—and subsequently expanded to its present size. This is the Big Bang theory. Today it is universally accepted, even if there is resistance, including from the beginning Albert Einstein.