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New research may reveal the secret of the universe

New research may reveal the secret of the universe

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According to researchers, dark matter can behave similarly to waves in the ocean. This discovery could open the door to new insights.

Hamburg – Dark matter is a mystery to research. Its existence was first postulated in 1933 by Swiss astronomer Fritz Zwicky. According to the Max Planck Society It cannot be detected in the visible, radio or X-ray range. However, the force of gravity has a significant impact on the universe. There is five times more dark matter in the universe than regular matter.

Despite their existence, we know little about them. The research attempts to reveal this matter directly. A researcher from the German Electron Synchrotron Center (DESY) has now made some progress in this direction with a new one Stady to make.

New hypothesis: dark matter particles resemble electromagnetic waves

Dark matter consists of particles that form so-called halos. The current study suggests that these particles could be very light. “Very light matter particles behave similarly to classical electromagnetic waves,” explains Hyungjin Kim, author of the study. Reverse Live Science.

The wave properties of these particles can lead to unexpected changes. New studies suggest that the density of dark matter in the halo could change spontaneously, causing entire galaxies to move.

Can gravitational wave detectors measure dark matter?

“Imagine waves in the ocean,” Kim says. “We see changes in the sea surface all the time, and they change in unpredictable ways.” This phenomenon can also apply to haloes, which are composed of very light particles. If his hypothesis that particles behave like waves is correct, researchers could potentially detect them using gravitational wave detectors. These gravitational waves make the universe “hum.”

Gravitational Wave Detector Dark Matter Gravitational Waves Japanese Astronomy
Researcher proposes measuring dark matter using gravitational wave detectors (glyph) © Kyodo News/Imago

“These changes occur randomly in the solar system and hit wave detectors,” Kim adds. However, through further research, it was discovered that most conventional detectors would not be able to detect changes caused by dark matter due to their limited sensitivity. However, in the future, detectors will be sent into space that, according to Kim, could have the ability to detect them, “such as the Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA). The European Space Agency’s Euclid probe is also supposed to help solve The problem. The dark secret to solve the problem. (no)

The editor wrote this article and then used the AI ​​language model to improve at his own discretion. All information has been carefully checked. Find out more about our AI principles here.