Fever, cough, muscle aches – how to get rid of the flu if you get it
high Current weekly report According to the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), about 8.9 million people in Germany currently suffer from respiratory infections. In most cases, these are colds. But influenza viruses are now also involved in the infection process: 8% of all cases of serious and severe respiratory infections are diagnosed as influenza, RKI writes. What to do if you have the flu – an overview.
How do you recognize influenza?
The main feature of influenza is the sudden onset of malaise. The Robert Koch Institute reports that the first symptoms such as fever, headache and muscle pain appear a day or two after infection with the influenza virus. A dry, irritating cough usually develops soon afterward. Pain in the extremities and back as well as a sore throat may also occur. About a third of those infected have these classic symptoms, a third have milder symptoms such as a cold, and a third have no symptoms at all.
The severity of the disease varies greatly. A common complication of influenza is pneumonia. Middle ear infections can also occur in children. In rare cases, inflammation of the brain or heart muscle can also occur.
How long does it take to treat influenza?
If the disease is uncomplicated, symptoms subside within five to seven days.cough It is particularly likely to persist and persist for two to three weeks. Some patients also feel weak for a longer time. However, the duration of the illness depends on the person and it may take some time for the body to recover from the viral illness.
What should patients pay attention to?
The most important thing is to give yourself a break. The body needs strength to fight the virus. This means: stay home, stay in bed. According to RKI Patients It is contagious for about a week on average – during this period you should avoid contact with other people. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends not going outside until you have been fever-free for 24 hours. Of course, you can also visit your family doctor’s office if necessary. Everyone who goes out must wear a mask to protect others.
Patients should do strenuous activities, Sports Or avoid smoking. It is also important to regularly ventilate the patient’s room and provide fresh air. It is beneficial for the immune system and ensures that the number of potentially infectious droplets in the air is reduced. If you have the flu, you do not need to take any medicine. But it can help relieve symptoms. Painkillers containing the active ingredients paracetamol or ibuprofen can be used to reduce fever and relieve pain. Inhale to clear your nose and gargle with salt water or sage tea to soothe a sore throat. Used tissues must be disposed of immediately and not thrown around the apartment – otherwise the virus may spread. It is also important to pay attention to the cleanliness of the cell phone.
The RKI recommends taking your temperature regularly to see if your condition is worsening.
When is the right time to see a doctor?
People at risk of serious illness, especially those over 60, pregnant women, and those with weakened immune systems, should contact their family doctor immediately. In individual cases, the use of antiviral medications may make sense. However, these medications should be taken within the first two days of illness to prevent serious illness. Patients should inform the team about respiratory infections before visiting the doctor’s office to prevent infecting other patients. Even if you do not belong to a risk group, you should consult your doctor if you experience certain symptoms. Outside of business hours, you can call the on-call medical hotline at 116117. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, if you experience these warning signs, you should see your doctor for the following symptoms:
- Difficulty breathing, rapid breathing, or shortness of breath
- Chest or stomach pain, or shortness of breath
- Persistent dizziness, confusion, and difficulty waking up
- Epileptic fit
- Do not urinate for several hours
- Severe muscle pain
- Feeling weak or uncomfortable
- Exacerbation of chronic diseases
- When symptoms improve, relapses occur
How should patients behave after the acute phase of influenza?
Doctors advise taking your time after getting an infection. Heinz Wilhelm Ethel Conversation with difficult. Because: Whether it’s Covid-19 or influenza – after a viral infection, the body still needs some time to fully recover, even if the symptoms subside. But it should improve day by day. You shouldn’t start exercising again immediately after getting sick: “The general rule is to take a break of seven to ten days after the symptoms have completely subsided,” doctors say.
How to protect yourself from (re)infection?
Influenza spreads through droplets released when a sick person coughs or sneezes. The virus can also stick to doorknobs, bus handrails or railings and spread through our hands.
Therefore, it is important to wash your hands well to protect yourself. For example, anyone who has just touched a subway handle should wash their hands before touching their eyes, mouth, or nose. Wearing a mask can prevent infection.
The best protection against serious illness with influenza is influenza vaccination. The Standing Committee on Vaccination recommends vaccination for everyone aged 60 and over. Vaccination is also recommended for pregnant women and people with weakened immune systems.
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