Agora Energiewende has an interactive map developed that shows suitable locations for implementing renewable energy projects. In all, more than 10,000 square kilometers will have to be used for this.
Climate Neutrality in Berlin recommends that 2% of the land in Germany be used for wind energy production. That is about 7150 km2 Or half the area of Schleswig-Holstein. So far it is only 0.9%. So it must be more than doubled in order to achieve the energy transmission. It is difficult to understand because the wind generator can be seen almost everywhere in the open country. Agora Energiewende, a Berlin think-tank that has set itself the task of seeking majority-capable compromises in restructuring the electricity sector within the energy transition, says it too will work without any problems. In addition, a second goal can be achieved: to install solar systems in open space on approximately 1% of the area of Germany. And without harming the animal world and without unreasonable burdens on humans.
It is said that wind energy is booming, especially in the north
The plan for the area comes from the Reiner Lemoine Institute, an independent, not-for-profit research institute based in Berlin that deals with scientific issues related to the topic of renewable energies. It is stored in a place where everyone can access interactive cardNS. Above all, the traditional wind countries of Schleswig-Holstein, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-West Pomerania and Brandenburg will still have enough space for new wind generators, but also in Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and North North Rhine-Westphalia. Thuringia, Bavaria and Mecklenburg-Vorpommern can still make huge contributions to solar energy production.
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Many interests must be taken into account
Agora complains: “In many places, blanket standards of distance to settlements and general exclusion of forest or landscape protection areas hinder expansion.” “For the rapid expansion of renewable energies, harmony must be achieved between climate protection goals and the interests of the population as well as with the protection of nature, landscapes and species,” says Patrick Gration, director of Agora Energiewende. “This balance can be achieved if federal states work with on-site decision makers to identify appropriate sites rather than block expansion with blanket exclusion criteria. Our new online tool should serve as a basis for discussion.”
Wind turbines in the forests?
On the basis of publicly available geographic data on a map of Germany, the map depicts areas potentially suitable for open space photovoltaic (PV) and wind energy. For example, distances can vary from wind turbines to settlements. This shows the potential areas that will become available by eliminating the global minimum distances. Partial use of forest areas and landscape protection areas can also be selected – these areas contain unused place potentials where environmental standards are not affected. Settings can be made separately for each federal state and custom areas can be displayed down to the municipal level. However, whether the area is really suitable, requires further examination with site participants.
“We have enough room for renewables,” says Graichen. “The threefold expansion of Germany’s renewables is climate neutral so it is not a question of space, but above all a matter of political will. We need a differentiated view of the appropriate locations.”
Read also: How Germany can achieve the energy transition
Sham conflict in the protection of species?
The protection of species is one of the most important challenges facing the expansion of wind energy on Earth. In fact, lawsuits against wind energy projects frequently delay their construction or start-up. One of the most common drivers of complaint is concern about bird species endangered by wind turbines. “The conflict of goals between wind energy and species protection is actually a false conflict,” says Graichen. “Because everyone involved knows that the climate crisis is the biggest conceivable attack on species protection in Germany. That is why we have to find quick, constructive and lasting solutions so that we can achieve the joint expansion of wind energy and bird protection.”
More than 500 gigawatts required
According to the federal government’s current plans, 20 GW should be installed offshore and 71 GW on land by 2030 – now a good 50 GW. The installed capacity of solar power systems is expected to nearly double to 100 GW. It can be assumed that the new federal government will tighten plans. In the “Climate-Neutral Germany 2045” Agora scenario, about 145 GW of electric power should be supplied from ground-based wind turbines and 385 GW from PV systems in the target year 2045.
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