During the 60th anniversary of the first manned spaceflight in space, The Russian Ministry of Defense has released archives of astronauts and leaders of the Soviet space program, introduced during the era of human defense space travel.
Historical objects (photographs, certificates, aeronautical and other archival documents) are provided within the framework of a special multimedia program called “Earth Orbiters of Space Winners”.
“These historical documents and photographs clearly and emotionally indicate the path that the first participants of the space program had to travel towards this great achievement,” the ministry’s website said.
For the first time, the personal files of the first humans to conquer the universe, the Russian astronauts, came to light: Yuri Gagarin, Kurman Titov and Alexei Leonov were the first people to go out into the open. The site also contains information about Nikolai Kaman, the leader of the first astronauts’ training, and Mark Kalle, the first astronaut’s instructor.
A companion dedicated to the first astronaut, Yuri Gagarin went into orbit on April 12, 1961 aboard the Vostok-1 spacecraft, Displays your certificate, flight work for the first space flight, service characteristics, award papers, aircraft and training product photos and other documents accessible for the first time.
“He wants to fly, he flies with courage and confidence. He is brave, passionate and diligent in flight, ”reads Gagarin’s graduation certificate from the Orenburg Military School for Pilots.
According to school documents, By then Gagarin had flown 166 hours. Between 1957 and 1959, when the astronaut was in service with the 769th Combat Air Force, an additional 265 hours were added to his service time.
The first astronaut died tragically during a conventional flight in 1968 at the age of 34, when his training plane crashed near Moscow. Just weeks before his death, Gagarin flew 18 coaches and finished the series with a test flight and became a test pilot. However, one of these flights ended in tragedy.